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ISSN: 1641-4640
Folia Neuropathologica
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vol. 61
Original paper

The role of synthetic ligand of PPARα in regulation of transcription of genes related to mitochondria biogenesis and dynamic in an animal model of Alzheimer’s disease

Sylwia Żulińska
Anna K. Strosznajder
Joanna B. Strosznajder

Department of Cellular Signalling, Mossakowski Medical Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
University Teaching Hospital in Białystok, Poland
Folia Neuropathol 2023; 61 (2): 138-143
Online publish date: 2023/07/14
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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors α (PPARα) are members of the nuclear receptors family and a very potent transcription factor engaged in the regulation of lipid and energy metabolism. Recent data suggest that PPARα could play an important role in the pathomechanism of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other neuropsychiatric disorders.

This study focused on the effect of a synthetic ligand of PPARα, GW7647 on the transcription of genes encoding proteins of mitochondria biogenesis and dynamics in the brain of AD mice.

The experiments were carried out using 12-month-old female FVB-Tg mice with the V717I mutation of amyloid precursor protein (APP+) and mice without the transgene (APP). Moreover, APP+ and APP mice were treated for 14 days with GW7647 administered subcutaneously with a dose 5 mg/kg b.w. Brain cortex was used and qRT-PCR was performed.

Our data indicated that GW7647 upregulated the expression of genes encoding proteins of mitochondria biogenesis in ADTg mice. GW7647 enhanced the level of mRNA of Ppargc1, Nrf2 and Tfam in APP+ as compared to APP – mice treated with GW7647. Moreover, our studies demonstrated that GW7647 had no effect on genes that regulate mitochondria fission and fusion of ADTg mice as correlated to mice without the transgene. Our results indicate that the ligand of PPARα, GW7647 may exert a promising neuroprotective effect through the regulation of transcription of genes coding proteins of mitochondria biogenesis. These data suggest that activation of PPARα at an early stage of AD could be a helpful strategy for slowing the progression of neurodegeneration.

Alzheimer’s disease, Nrf2, PPARa, mitochondria biogenesis, GW7647, Tfam, neuroprotection

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