ISSN: 1230-2813
Advances in Psychiatry and Neurology/Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2020
vol. 29
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Depression in males – specificity, aetiology, relationships with suicidal tendencies and the psychoactive substances usage: literature overview

Aleksandra Kielan
1, 2
,
Dagny Gorostiza
3
,
Anna Mosiołek
4
,
Jan Chodkiewicz
5
,
Łukasz Święcicki
6
,
Bożena Walewska-Zielecka
1

1.
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
2.
Polish Suicidological Society, Poland
3.
Social Welfare Center of the Ursus District of the Capital City of Warsaw, Poland
4.
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
5.
Department of Psychoprophylaxis and Addiction Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
6.
2nd Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland
Adv Psychiatry Neurol 2020; 29 (1): 54-66
Online publish date: 2020/04/27
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Purpose
To raise awareness about depressive disorders occurring in men and to define the causes that influence them.

Views
Depression and suicide attempts are observed more often among women. However, men far more often commit suicide. Research shows correlation between low incidence of diagnosed depressive disorders and high incidence of suicidal deaths in men. Depression in men may have different causes and symptoms than depression in women. Numerous research studies suggest the existence of the “syndrome of male depression” where – apart from typical symptoms – there are often additional symptoms, such as anger, impulsiveness, substance abuse and antisocial behaviours. Sometimes similar behaviours can occur among depressive women. Mostly, however, women express their pain with emotions while men are concentrating on actions. Men also seek a specialist’s help significantly less frequently. Men treat the abuse of psychoactive substances as a form of self-medication more often than women do. Alcohol addiction coexisting with depression increases the risk of suicide attempt in men.

Conclusions
The literature review proves the complexity of the problem of depressive disorders occurring in men. There is a close correlation between depression, addictions and suicides. Improvements in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of any of these problems may positively influence others, too. These issues require further analysis and research. In this paper, it will be a representation of the male part of the Polish population.

keywords:

depressive disorders, suicide, substance abuse

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