eISSN: 1509-572x
ISSN: 1641-4640
Folia Neuropathologica
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vol. 43

Original article
Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activity protects hippocampal cells against morphological and ultrastructural alteration evoked by ischemia-reperfusion injury

Robert Piotr Strosznajder
Roman Gadamski
Michał Walski

Folia Neuropathol 2005; 43 (3): 156-165
Online publish date: 2005/09/30
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Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1 EC is a nuclear enzyme that plays an important role in cell survival and death. PARP is involved in DNA repair machinery, however, massive DNA damage leads to overactivation of PARP-1 and to depletion of its substrate bNAD+ which causes cell death. Our previous study indicated that the PARP activity was significantly activated during ischemia-reperfusion injury.
In this study we investigated the effect of PARP inhibitor, 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB) on intracellular organelles alteration. Gerbils were submitted to 3 and 10 min transient global ischemia followed by recirculation and survival for 1 till 7 days. The histological and electron microscopic examination indicated a pronounced protective effect of 3-AB on the swelling of astrocytes and neurons 1 day after 3 and 10 min ischemic insult. It decreased also the swelling of pericytes. 3-AB decreases evoked by ischemia swelling of mitochondria and Golgi apparatus. The significant ameliorating effect of 3-AB was also observed on the 7th day of reperfusion after 3 min ischemia and was also visible on the 1st day after 10 min ischemia. However, 7 days after prolonged 10 min ischemia almost all neurons in the CA1 hippocampal layer died and 3-AB was not able to protect these cells. In spite of that, 3-AB markedly decreased immunostaining of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), which was enhanced in the stratum: oriens, radiatum and lacunosum-moleculare at the 7th day after 10 min ischemia. These data indicated that inhibition of PARP may have a protective effect on neuronal cells affected by ischemia-reperfusion injury.

PARP, ischemia, neuroprotection, 3-aminobenzamide, reperfusion

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