eISSN: 2720-5371
ISSN: 1230-2813
Advances in Psychiatry and Neurology/Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii
Bieżący numer Archiwum Artykuły zaakceptowane O czasopiśmie Rada naukowa Bazy indeksacyjne Prenumerata Kontakt Zasady publikacji prac Standardy etyczne i procedury
Panel Redakcyjny
Zgłaszanie i recenzowanie prac online
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
vol. 31
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Artykuł oryginalny

The psychosocial experiences of healthcare workers (HCWs) during COVID-19 quarantine: a qualitative study

Deldar Morad Abdulah
Dildar Haji Musa
Pranee Liamputtong

Community and Maternity Health Nursing Unit, College of Nursing, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraqi Kurdistan
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraqi Kurdistan
College of Health Sciences, VinUniversity, Gia Lam District, Hanoi, Vietnam
Adv Psychiatry Neurol 2022; 31 (4): 151-160
Data publikacji online: 2023/01/20
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Healthcare workers (HCWs) are more than others likely to be exposed to a viral overload regardless of the protective equipment and systems. Recent studies have reported that quarantine time is stressful for healthcare workers. We explored the impact of quarantine time as an external stressor on distress, sleep, healthy lifestyle behaviors, and familial relations among HCWs during the COVID-19 pandemic.

A surgery team (n = 12) were working on a patient with confirmed thyroid cancer. This team was quarantined for 14 days as per the criteria of the local health government after the patient tested positive for COVID-19. We included and interviewed this team through a purposive technique in this qualitative study in Iraqi Kurdistan in 2020. Using the Graneheim and Lundman method, we analyzed the data via thematic content analysis with a deductive approach.

The participants experienced distress with mental health burdens during these difficult times. Some of them had to stay away from their families and friends for the first time. The first and last days were stressful for them due to fear of infection. The HCWs attempted to maintain their healthy lifestyles, including getting sufficient sleep, reducing stress levels, and creating a positive relationship with their families. The HCWs used the following coping strategies to alleviate the effects of COVID-19: beliefs, habits, and familial support. Familial and social support were their main strategies for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. The intensity level of familial and social relations was found to be a positive experience for HCWs during this stressful period.

This study showed that HCWs experienced psychological stress during the quarantine time of the COVID-19 outbreak. The HCWs’ quality of sleep was affected adversely along with negative effects on their lifestyles. However, the level of support from familial and social relations increased during the COVID-19 outbreak. This was the major means for them to deal with stress during this difficult time of their lives.

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